Cerro Don Juan
Cerro Don Juan is an area which consists of 5 hectares of land where a great variety of indigenous fauna lives, due to mediterranean scrub abundance which serves them as a natural refuge.
The vegetation is indigenous from Campiña Sur is characterised by sclerophylls as holm oaks, kermes, mastics, rosemary, thyme,…The landscape seen from ‘Cerro Don Juan’ is typical from Cordoba’s ‘Campiña Sur’
Its access is located at the km 6 of the road between Montilla and Cabra; in the spot known as ‘Cuesta Blanca’. It is the only example of Mediterranean forest in the municipal district.
Piedra Luenga is a rock located in a spot known as ‘Lagar de Rosarito’, which is 6 km far from the city centre, in the heart of the Sierra de Montilla. It is made of materials as: dolomitic materials, limestones and reddish sandstones. It is an unique piece in the Cordovan countryside which has survived along time.
The rock is supposed to have its origin in the Triassic Era and it apparently was exploit as a mine during the Chalcolithic.
According to some geologists, Piedra Luenga can keep increasing its height thanks to the interaction between the African and the Eurasian plates. The rock which was partially destroyed during the construction of the road towards Cabra, still hosts a flora and fauna that make this place one of the most unique places in the province.
In effect, the area is characterized by the great amount of birds that nest in the rock, away from predators and hunters. jackdaws, ravens, kestrels and doves can be seen at Piedra Luenga. However, the most relevant specie is a kind of small falcon which look for quiet places to nest. Among the flora it must to be highlighted the dense vegetation at the foot of the mountain as thyme, asparagus or small ferns; we also find there a great fig tree and several almond trees.